The Cameroon Fauna and Flora are among the richest in terms of biodiversity in Africa. Cameroon supports over 900 species of birds, over 300 mammals and many other stunning creatures.
While wildlife in Cameroon is not as rich and diverse like in East Africa, or in Southern Africa, but most of the large animals of the savannah and tropical forests can be seen here: lions, cheetahs, elephants , giraffes, rhinos, hippos, buffaloes, antelopes, gazelles, pangolins, warthogs, hartebeest, manatees, and many species of monkeys (some gorillas in the sanctuary of Mengeme, south-east of the country), reptiles (turtles, crocodiles, snakes), birds, fish and insects.
Cameroon Fauna Types
At such a profusion of birdlife has its drawbacks, however – if you can call it disadvantages – because it is very difficult for scientists to draw up a detailed inventory and update of the population of different species and to study all.
Among them (most of which are protected), we can mention: the ostrich, the largest bird in the world, who finds refuge mainly in the Waza National Park, the Turaco, which resembles a large pheasant with colorful feathers and his cry very recognizable lamps repeatedly remind of a little one rooster, less strident, but the bald rock fowl, a small multicolored bird very rare civet, gray heron, great Abyssinian hornbill, parrot dinghy, the sandgrouse , francolins ..
From December to May, we can cross marlin, swordfish, dorado, barracuda (also very present in November), tarpon….. In November, are the large barracuda that often go off.
Rivers and lakes (especially Lake Chad) also harbor many species, and a fishing trip in a traditional pirogue makes it possible to often see closer to other people in these rivers: the hippos.
In fact, elephants live in small family groups of 10 to 20 people in general, who gather regularly around water points (as Elephants pond in the park of Waza) or feeding areas to then form much larger herds.
The society in which elephants live is matriarchal, and it is always the older women who dominate the herd.
An elephant has a life expectancy of 60 to 70 years, weighing between 5 and 6.5 tonnes and eats an average of 250 kg of food per day.
The elephant is a protected species in Cameroon, as elsewhere, but it is unfortunately chased by poachers who always want its ivory.
It must be said that the legislation demonstrated laxity to the hunters by prohibiting only hunting firearm, but often continued to tolerate traditional practice – spear, bow and arrow – for local hunters.
In Cameroon, there is the savanna elephant in the park of Waza National Park, who is best known by visitors and the forest elephant in the Lobéké National Park, which made its debut on the tourist map.
It feeds on the leaves of acacia, these thorn trees that you will not miss to see if you go cross the Waza Park.
An adult giraffe measures an average of 5 m tall and weighs between 900 and 1,400 kg. It derives its name from Arabic xirapha, meaning «one that works fast»
Be very careful if you come in contact with an out of the water hippo, it can quickly become very aggressive and charge, especially if it perceives that you cut his retreat to the water: several attacks of hippo, sometimes fatal are reported every year.
This is of course a major tourist attraction in the large parks in the north: Waza national park, Benoue national park, Faro reserve and Bouba Ndjida national park.
An adult lion weighs on average 240 kg while an adult lioness weighs only 160 kg. Lion spent much of the night to hunt, play and make rounds on its territory. They live in herds which may include thirty individuals, including 4-12 lionesses that remain in the group throughout their lives.
Lions protect females against the males of other clans and are very commited to their territory and breeding, ranging in size between 50 and 400 km² defending them fiercely. At the age of 2 or 3 years, the young lions are driven away from the herd, which then began a nomadic life which usually ends around the age of 5 years, when they are able to lead their own clan.
The most dangerous among the species are : the Gabon viper, the green mamba (arboreal snake whose venom is overwhelming)and the spitting cobra (present in the dry savanna and capable to project its venom up to 3 m to its aggressors, causing temporary blindness and intense pain).
These snakes avoid human contacts, and they bite as a measure to defend themselves. They live in forest or in bushes, but can also be found on more open land, especially after rain.
A a measure of caution, it is advisable to be extremely care when you go for adventure in this type of environment.
The manifestation are skin boils marked by a black dot that cause more itching than pain.
The scorpion sting is painful, but not fatal in Cameroon (in tropical Africa in general), except in infants.
It is therefor necessary to protect oneself with mosquito nets in the night or other anti mosquito products, and take the necessary treatment to reduce the risk of attracting malaria.